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GENERAL WEB RESOURCES ON THE IRAQ WAR AND OCCUPATION

The War in Context: Iraq - war on terrorism - Middle East conflict : critical perspectives

An excellent site that both collects daily reporting on the Iraq war and related issues, and provides links to Iraq pages of major news organizations, as well as to organizing and information resources from a variety of nongovernmental organizations.
Future of Iraq Portal
Comprehensive links list for information on Iraq-related current events and analysis
Project on Defense Alternatives War Report
A good selection of materials on the Iraq crisis, frequently updated, plus well selected material on the war in Afghanistan, now largely invisible in the American press.
Iraq Daily
News aggregator providing links to current Iraq-related news stories. This site also aggregates news searchs by category (e.g. Iraq and Oil).
The Guardian (UK) Iraq Resources Page
Guardian coverage and selected coverage fom around the world, plus extensive links to background documents.
Electronic Iraq
Compiliation of news and information on Iraq, including reports and news releases from a variety of peace and humanitarian organizations. Separate pages on topics from international law to relief efforts.
BBC News Conflict with Iraq Page
Maps, in-depth background articles, links to key documents, summaries of Middle East press reports, and more.
Al Jazeera
English language coverage of the Iraq occupation from Quatar-based Al Jazeera provides a different perspective on the region and the war.
Air National Guard/Air Force Counterproliferation Center Operation Iraqi Freedom page
Links to a wide variety of military and government information on the Iraq war and occupation, ranging from Central Command press briefings to satellite photos to the Iraq operations web sites of the UK and Australia.
U.S. National Defense University Iraq - Policy Documents page
This site has a reverse chronological listing of U.S. government Iraq documents and statements, ranging from major policy documents to press briefings, from the White House, the CIA, and the Departments of Defense, State, and Homeland Security.
United Nations News Center Iraq focus page
News, statements of U.N. officials, background of the inspections, texts of relevant U.N. resolutions, and more.
Disarmament Diplomacy: Crisis and Conflict in Iraq
Background, Documents & Coverage, 1998-2003, selected by the editors of Disarmament Diplomacy, an international journal covering arms control and disarmament issues.
Gulf/2000 Project
This project, sponsored by the School of International and Public Affairs of Columbia University, provides perhaps the a comprehensive set of web links on the Persian Gulf countries and the current crisis there. Organized both by country and by topics ranging from the 9/11 attack aftermath to oil issues, this site provides links to a range of news, reference, government, and NGO sites.

Gulf/2000 Iraq Page
Articles and Sites of Particular Interest

A Failed "Transition": the Mounting Costs of the Iraq War
A Study by the Institute for Policy Studies and Foreign Policy In Focus (June 2004)

Comprehensive information on the human, economic, and social costs of the Iraq war. This page provides links to the in-depth report, plus summaries and fact sheets.

Iraq on the Record Database
Prepared at the direction of Rep. Henry A. Waxman, the Iraq on the Record Database is a searchable collection of 237 specific misleading statements about the threat posed by Iraq made by the five Administration officials most responsible for providing public information and shaping public opinion on Iraq: President Bush, Vice President Cheney, Defense Secretary Rumsfeld, Secretary of State Powell, and National Security Advisor Rice.The Iraq on the Record Report is a comprehensive examination of these statements.
The Saddam Hussein Sourcebook
Declassified Secrets from the U.S.-Iraq Relationship from the National Security Archive.
Corpwatch Military Industrial Complex Resources
This page provides a range of articles and information on the corporate-military connection, with a particular focus on Iraq war profiteering. The article by labor journalist David Bacon on the continuing repression of labor organizing in Iraq under the U.S.-led occupation, and the granting of contracts to U.S. corporations with poor labor practices at home, is of particular interest: Umm Qasr -- From National Pride to War Booty
Human Impacts of the Iraq War and Occupation

Mortality before and after the 2003 invasion of Iraq: cluster sample survey
Les Roberts, Riyadh Lafta, Richard Garfield, Jamal Khudhairi, Gilbert Burnham, The Lancet 2004; 364: 1857–64

(free registration required for access)

This study, based on survey data, concludes that "Making conservative assumptions, we think that about 100000 excess deaths, or more have happened since the 2003 invasion of Iraq. Violence accounted for most of the excess deaths and air strikes from coalition forces accounted for most violent deaths. We have shown that collection of public-health information is possible even during periods of extreme violence. Our results need further verification and should lead to changes to reduce non-combatant deaths from air strikes."
Casualties of War — Military Care for the Wounded from Iraq and Afghanistan
Atul Gawande, M.D., M.P.H., New England Journal of Medicine, December 9, 2004

This study reveals the high rate of serious injuries suffered by U.S. military personnel in Iraq and Afghanistan, with fatality rates reduced by advances in post-combat medical care.
Off Target: The Conduct of the War and Civilian Casualties in Iraq Human Rights Watch, December 2003
This study did not attempt to count civilian casualties, but rather evaluated the conduct of the military forces involved in the 2003 Iraq invasion in relation to the laws of war. The study found that U.S. and U.K. forces generally tried to avoid targeting civilians, but that widespread use of cluster munitions by ground forces caused many civilian casualties Air strikes aimed at killing Iraqi leadership, based on thin intelligence, never found their targets, but did cause civilian casualties as well. Iraqi combat forces committed a number of violations of international humanitarian law that likely caused additional civilian casualties, ranging from abuse of the Red Cross and Red Crescent emblems to placing military objects in protected locations such as hospitals and mosques and fighting in civilian clothes.
Continuing Collateral Damage: The health and environmental costs of war on Iraq, Medact, November 2003
Medact is the UK affiliate of International Physicians for the Prevention of Nuclear War. This study, calculates the toll, and shows how the general state of health of the Iraqi people, already poor by international standards, has been compromised further by the war. The study web page includes the full document, an executive summary, and several working papers on related topics.
The Wages of War: Iraqi Combatant and Noncombatant Fatalities in the 2003 Conflict Carl Conetta, Project on Defense Alternatives, October 2003
An in-depth analysis of Iraq invasion casualties to April 20, 2003. This report, unlike many, provides extensive analysis of the human and political consequences of the deaths of combatants, who, like non-combatants, are human beings with families too.
The Iraq Body Count Database
A project aimed at establishing "an independent and comprehensive public database of civilian deaths in Iraq resulting directly from military actions by the USA and its allies."
Iraq Bombing Watch
Compiliation of information and press reports of airstrikes on Iraq by U.S. and its allies.
The Campaign Against Sanctions on Iraq (UK)
This site has links to an extensive set of resources on Iraq and related issues, ranging from the international law of sanctions to current Iraq news. The site includes an extensive set of references organized by topic.
Iraq Aftermath: The Human Face of War
American Friends Service Committee maintains this site on the human impacts of the war and occupation, with on the ground information from its representatives based in Baghdad.
Casualties in Iraq: The Human Cost of Occupation
Collected news items and updated account of civilian and military casualties in Iraq.
Economic Impacts of a the Iraq War and Occupation


The above counter tracks identifiable Congressional appropriations only. Linda Bilmes and Joseph E. Stiglitz, “The Economic Costs of the Iraq War: An Appraisal Three Years after the Beginning of the Conflict.” h Congressional Budget Office, Letter to the Honorable Robert Byrd regarding the U.S. military's ability to sustain an occupation in Iraq
This letter report estimates that the direct military costs of the Iraq occupation for various troop levels, and suggests that the U.S. will not be able to sustain the current level of occupation forces without major redeployments elsewhere or an expansion of the active duty military.
Congressional Budget Office, The Long-Term Implications of Current Defense Plans: Summary Update for Fiscal Year 2004, July 2003
This study estimates military spending "could cost an average of $472 billion a year through 2009 and an average of $533 billion a year between 2010 and 2022" in 2004 dollars if current programs go forward and if the "U.S. military continues to take an active role overseas like the one that resulted in the current engagements in Afghanistan and Iraq and the global war on terrorism."
Pre-Invasion Iraq War Cost Estimates

Taxpayers for Common Sense Iraq Cost Estimates
Estimates of costs of the war and reconstruction, with links to other cost assessments made in the run-up to the invasion.
Iraq: The Economic Consequences of War
By William D. Nordhaus
Analysis of the range of possible direct and indirect effects of an Iraq war on the U.S. economy by Yale University Economist Nordhaus.
"War with Iraq: Costs, Consequences, and Alternatives" (pdf file)
A December 2002 report, published under the auspices of the Academy’s Committee on International Security Studies (CISS), finds that the political, military, and economic consequences of war with Iraq could be extremely costly to the United States. William D. Nordhaus (Yale University) estimates the economic costs of war with Iraq in scenarios that are both favorable and unfavorable to the United States. Steven E. Miller (Harvard University) considers a number of potentially disastrous military and strategic outcomes of war for the United States that have received scant public attention. Carl Kaysen (MIT), John D. Steinbruner (University of Maryland),and Martin B. Malin (American Academy) examine the broader national security strategy behind the move toward a preventive war against Iraq.
Assessing the Cost of Military Action Against Iraq: Using Desert Shield/ Desert Storm as a Basis for Estimates, an analysis by the House Budget Committee, Democratic Staff, September 23, 2002.

Estimated Costs of a Potential Conflict with Iraq, Congressional Budget Office, September 2002

Iraq Weapons of Mass Destruction: Inspections, Intelligence, and Related Issues

WMD in Iraq: Evidence and Implications
This page provides both the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace report of the same name and an excellent collection of links to relevant documents and other resources. These include speeches by officials and U.S. government documents that show the changing story told to the public about Iraq’s WMD.
. Global Security Newswire:
Broad coverage of weapons of mass destruction issues, including the search for alleged Iraqi WMD.
House Government Reform Committee Minority Chair Henry Waxman "Nuclear Evidence" page
This page has Waxman's detailed letters to the Bush Administration inquiring about purported evidence of Iraq's reconstituted nuclear weapons program, a central element of the administration's case for war. Waxman's letters provide extensive documentation refuting the administration's alleged evidence.
Inspecting Iraq: A Record of the First 40 Days
compiled by the Project on Defense Alternatives, Cambridge, Massachusetts, January 4, 2003

"Hans Blix is quoted saying 'there is no smoking gun', says Carl Conetta, co-director of the Project on Defense Alternatives, "but that's an understatement. So far they haven't even found a gun."
Hans Blix, UNMOVIC, Security Council Briefing, January 9, 2002

International Atomic Energy Agency Statements by the Director General
Includes status updates in early 2003 on the nuclear component of the Iraq inspections, and other relevant statements by the IAEA Director General.

Excerpts from "The Status of Nuclear Inspections in Iraq: An Update," Statement to the United Nations Security Council by IAEA Director General Dr. Mohamed ElBaradei, New York, 7 March 2003, (Approximately two weeks before the U.S./U.K. invasion):

On alleged attempts by Iraq to obtain uranium: "Based on thorough analysis, the IAEA has concluded, with the concurrence of outside experts, that these documents - which formed the basis for the reports of recent uranium transactions between Iraq and Niger - are in fact not authentic. We have therefore concluded that these specific allegations are unfounded."

Conclusions:

At this stage, the following can be stated:
--There is no indication of resumed nuclear activities in those buildings that were identified through the use of satellite imagery as being reconstructed or newly erected since 1998, nor any indication of nuclear-related prohibited activities at any inspected sites.

--There is no indication that Iraq has attempted to import uranium since 1990.

--There is no indication that Iraq has attempted to import aluminium tubes for use in centrifuge enrichment. Moreover, even had Iraq pursued such a plan, it would have encountered practical difficulties in manufacturing centrifuges out of the aluminium tubes in question.

--Although we are still reviewing issues related to magnets and magnet production, there is no indication to date that Iraq imported magnets for use in a centrifuge enrichment programme.....
After three months of intrusive inspections, we have to date found no evidence or plausible indication of the revival of a nuclear weapons programme in Iraq. "
Claims and evaluations of Iraq's proscribed weapons by Dr. Glen Rangwala
Dr. Rangala's point by point refutations of U.K. and U.S. government claims about Iraq's WMD arsenal, including "Counter-Dossier on Claims about Iraq Weapons of Mass Destruction," "The Thirty-Six Lies that Launched a War," and more. Updated regularly.
Peace Organizing Resources

United for Peace and Justice
A national network of groups working for peace, UFPJ also has a Bay Area network that meets regularly. This web site has links to local and regional groups, calendars of both national and local activities, links to a wide range of peace groups, and more.
Peoples' NonViolent Response Coalition
PNVRC is a coalition of East San Francisco Bay Area groups formed soon after the September 11, 2001 attacks to seek nonviolent responses to the growing global crisis. This web site provides information on peace activities in the region. PNVRC participates in the regional and national United for Peace and Justice networks.
War Times
Newspaper for activists, available on-line and in print.
Archived Material

Material of note from before the March 2003 invasion of Iraq.

The Iraq Crisis and International Law

Western States Legal Foundation analysis and resources from other organizations.
The Gulf War: Secret History, by William M. Arkin

Institute for Policy Studies, "Coalition of the Willing or Coalition of the Coerced?"
This Institute for Policy Studies report examines the specific levers of U.S. military, economic, and political power used to push forward its war in Iraq. The study looks at how this leverage applies to each current member of the UN Security Council. It also analyzes the power the U.S. government exerts over the broader group of countries that the Bush Administration has dubbed the "Coalition of the Willing." Although the Administration refuses to release a list of the members of this coalition, the authors compiled a list of 34 nations cited in press reports as supporters of the U.S. position on Iraq.
Globalsecurity.org Iraq War page
A good overview of U.S. military preparations, the various possible scenarios for a U.S. military campaign against Iraq, and a variety of links ranging from the U.N. arms inspection agency UNMOVIC to anti-war groups.
Iraq commentary and links from the Foreign Policy in Focus web site, which provides timely analysis from a variety of progressive thinkers. Iraq Journal
Reports from Iraq coordinated by Democracy Now! Correspondent Jeremy Scahill.
Collateral Damage: The Health and Environmental Costs of War on Iraq
This evidence-based report, introduced by Dr June Crown, Medact President and former president of the Faculty of Public Health Medicine of the Royal College of Physicians UK, summarises from a public health perspective the effects of the previous Gulf War, and outlines the likely impact of another war on the people of Iraq, on the combatants and on the wider world. It concludes that the threatened war could have disastrous short, medium and long-term consequences for all concerned and summarises alternatives to war.

Medact is the UK affiliate of International Physicians for the Prevention of Nuclear War.
The Campaign Against Sanctions on Iraq assessments of the likely humanitarian and economic consequences of war on Iraq page

UN assessment of likely humanitarian scenarios, 10 December 2002
This "strictly confidential" UN document, dated 10 December 2002, examines "Likely Humanitarian Scenarios" in the event of a war in Iraq. It was written to assist with UN contingency planning for safeguarding the wellbeing of a population most of whom the document acknowledges are "highly dependent" upon a Government ration for their basic needs.
Explanatory note and context of document

full document (pdf file)
Center for Constitutional Rights Initiative for a Uniting for Peace Resolution in the United Nations to Stop the War in Iraq
While in the U.N. system the Security Council has the primary responsibility for maintaining international peace and security throughout the world, another procedure exists to ensure peace when the Council fails to do so. That procedure, the Uniting for Peace resolution, allows the General Assembly to meet to consider the threat to international peace and it can then recommend collective measures to U.N. Members to maintain or restore peace.

This page provides information on the Center for Constitutional Rights initiative, and on actions you can take to support it.
Call to Conscience From Veterans to Active Duty Troops and Reservists
"We are veterans of the United States armed forces. We stand with the majority of humanity, including millions in our own country, in opposition to the United States' all out war on Iraq. We span many wars and eras, have many political views and we all agree that this war is wrong. Many of us believed serving in the military was our duty, and our job was to defend this country. Our experiences in the military caused us to question much of what we were taught. Now we see our REAL duty is to encourage you as members of the U.S. armed forces to find out what you are being sent to fight and die for and what the consequences of your actions will be for humanity. We call upon you, the active duty and reservists, to follow your conscience and do the right thing." Click here for full statement
Cities for Peace Campaign
City Council resolutions opposing war with Iraq have been passed in over 20 cities across the U.S. and efforts are underway in dozens more communities. The Institute for Policy Studies is working with the Education for Peace in Iraq Center (EPIC), National Priorities project, some American Friends Service Committee chapters, and other grassroots groups, students, the faith-based community and others to facilitate the drafting and passing of City Council resolutions or letters opposing war with Iraq.
Abolition 2000 Global Network to Eliminate Nuclear Weapons Global Council Statement on Iraq

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