(U) The Space-Based Infrared System (SBIRS) program is a global satellite system designed to meet the United States' infrared space surveillance requirements over the next 20 to 30 years. It will provide an improved capability over the existing Defense Support Program (DSP). The system addresses critical warfighter requirements in the areas of missile warning, missile defense, technical intelligence, and battlespace characterization. SBIRS is a program designed to satisfy user requirements on a cost effective basis by using existing technologies and methods.
(U) On 3 Oct 1996, the SBIRS High program was approved by the Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and Technology (USD A&T), Dr. Paul Kaminski. The SBIRS High component, featuring a mix of Geosynchronous Earth Orbit (GEO) satellites, Highly Elliptical Earth Orbit (HEO) payloads on host satellites, and a new consolidated Ground Processing station will incrementally replace the existing DSP infrastructure over FY99 - FY05. This element is the first of two planned iterations, which will provide an enhanced follow-on capability to the current DSP system. The second element, commonly known as SBIRS Low, is designated as a Major Defense Acquisition Program but is being developed as an integral part of the overall SBIRS system of systems development concept.
(U) SBIRS High consists of four satellites in GEO and two HEO payloads. The Lockheed Martin A2100 commercial satellite bus will be used as the basis for the GEO satellites, and has the advantage of making use of the existing bus production line facilities and practices. The HEO IR Payloads will each be hosted on a classified satellite. The GEO satellite weight and volume is consistent with the capabilities of the medium sized launch vehicle families, and is baselined to launch on a MLV class Evolved Expendable Launch Vehicle (EELV). In addition, the IR sensors for the GEO and HEO satellites are based on a common design. The HEO satellites, supplied by the Classified Host organization, provides a platform for the SBIRS HEO IR sensors.
(U) SBIRS High is in the engineering, manufacturing, and development (EMD) acquisition phase after a two-contract pre-EMD competition. On 8 November 1996, Lockheed Martin Missiles & Space was selected as the prime contractor for the single SBIRS High EMD contract. Lockheed's team includes: Aerojet Electro Systems to provide payload integration and mission data processing; Lockheed Martin Federal Systems to provide satellite and ground system control and telemetry and tracking operations; Northrop Grumman to provide the primary infrared sensor payload and Focal Plane Assembly; and Honeywell for on-board data processing. The $1.8B contract spans the next decade. The SBIRS GEO satellites are designed to be placed in orbit by either medium-lift EELV or the Atlas IIA launch vehicle.
(U) SBIRS will incorporate new technologies that will enhance detection and improve reporting of ICBM, SLBM and tactical ballistic missiles.
|Added Value to the Warfighter||AFSPC Vision|
|SBIRS HIGH||Space-based Infra-Red System (SBIRS) Geosynchronous|
|AEOWS||Advanced Electro-Optical Warning Sensor (AEOWS)|
|DSP||Defense Support Program (DSP)|
|EELV (MLV)||Evolved Expendable Launch Vehicle (EELV) Medium Lift Vehicle (MLV)|
|MSTI||Miniature Sensor Technology Integration (MSTI)|
|Navy Theater-Wide TBMD||Navy Theater Wide Theater Ballistic Missile Defense System (TBMD)|
|SBIRS-Low||Space-Based Infrared System - Low Earth Orbit (SBIRS-Low)|
|SCIS||Survivable Communications Integration System (SCIS)|
|Space Sensors||Space Sensors|
|THAAD||Theater High Altitude Air Defense (THAAD) System|
|Major DoD Space Programs||Evolution of the Selected Space Programs|
|National Security Space Road Map||Integrated System Road Map|
|SURVEILLANCE AND WARNING||SPACE FORCE ENHANCEMENT: SURVEILLANCE AND WARNING|
|Space & Missile Systems Center|
(U) DoD: USD(A&T) and OASD(C3I), Pentagon, Washington, DC
(U) Service Staff: SAF/AQS,Pentagon, Washington, DC
(U) Major Command: HQ AFSPC, Peterson AFB, CO
(U) Program Management: HQ AFPEO/SP, Pentagon, Washington, DC; SBIRS Program Office, Space and Missile Systems Center, Los Angeles AFB, CA
(U) Col Adrian Gomez, SMC, Open Phone: (310) 363-5751.
(U) Lt Charlie Light, SMC, Open Phone: (310) 363-0020.
(U) Maj Gregory Redick, SMC, Open Phone: (310) 363-5945.
(U) Mr. Carl Hegedus, SMC, Open Phone: (310) 363-0515.
(U) 30 January 1999
(U) Road Map Production Date: 23 June 2001